What is this illness?

[uh-dik-shuh n]
Noun (Pathology)
1. The state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit forming, such as narcotics, to the extent that its cessation causes severe trauma.
2. A physical or psychological need for a habit forming substance, such as a drug or alcohol. In physical addiction, the body adapts to the substance being used and gradually requires increased amounts to reproduce the effects originally produced by smaller doses.
3. Habitual psychological and physiological dependence on a substance or practice beyond one’s voluntary control.

Noun (Pathology)
1. Alcoholism is a chronic disorder characterized by dependence on alcohol, repeated excessive use of alcoholic beverages, the development of withdrawal symptoms on reducing or ceasing intake, morbidity that may include cirrhosis of the liver, and decreased ability to function socially and vocationally.
2. Alcoholism is the most serious form of problem drinking, and describes a strong, often uncontrollable, desire to drink.
3. Alcoholism is sometimes known as alcohol addiction or alcohol dependence.

[ˈfəʊkəs twɛlv]

Transitive (Treatment)
1. To give attention, effort, etc. to one particular subject, situation or person.
2. To carefully and sensitively treat vulnerable adults suffering from the effects of addiction and/or alcoholism.

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